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calcium oxide() is chemical compound generally used in the form of white powder. calcium oxide, commonly known as "quicklime" or "burntlime", is pure 'lime' and has wide range of chemical uses. This material is white, alkaline and crystalline at ambient temperature. calcium oxide is mostly used in cement production.
It is generally a rare mineral found in a few parts of the world and is the second most important material in the ceramic industry after kaolin. Other names of this material are special refractory soil, kaolin-containing pyrophyllite hydromica and refractory stone and its formula is . It is easily overpowered and turns white or near white after cooking at high temperatures.
Barite or barite is a compound consisting of barium sulfate (). Other names are barite and barium sulfate. Barite is found in nature in the form of veins, layers and residual deposits and is the main source of barium. The barite group consists of barite, celestine (strontium sulfate), anglesite (lead sulfate) and anhydrite (calcium sulfate). Barite and celestine form a solid solution (, ) of .
Bentonite, known as Armenian mud in traditional medicine, is a fine-grained clay that contains at least 85% of montmorillonite clay. Other names for this material are Drilling Bentonite, Washing Flower, Soap Clay or Taylorite. Bentonite is a clay material composed of swollen minerals that are mainly montmorillonite and to a lesser extent bidlite.
Perlite is a natural silica rock and is formed when volcanic lava emitted from volcanoes cools rapidly in a cooler atmosphere. Due to this rapid cooling, water vapor is trapped inside the rock and the whole molten rock becomes a glass-like structure. Perlite is naturally like glass rock. But before this process is brown and black.
Talc belongs to the white mica family. This mineral is composed of magnesium silicate hydrate and its chemical formula is . Although the chemical composition of talc usually remains close to this general formula, some substitutions do occur. For example, a small amount of or can replace , a small amount of , , and can replace , and a very small amount of can replace .
Dolomite is a type of mineral, which is generally found in nature as both a mineral and an ore with different granulations. Dolomite rocks from which dolomite is processed are a widely used mineral composed of magnesium carbonate and calcium with the chemical composition . The origin of dolomite rocks is composed of sedimentary rocks.
Silicon dioxide or silica with the chemical formula is the most abundant oxide compound in the Earth's crust. It is a non-metallic mineral, hard and colorless to white or dark gray. Silica is present in nature in free form or in combination with other oxides. Clay, alkali feldspar and silica are the most important raw materials for ceramic bodies.
Feldspar is the most important igneous rock mineral and the most widespread type of silicate in the earth's crust. They make up about 50% of the weight of the Earth's crust. About 60% of them are found in igneous rocks, about 30% in metamorphic rocks, and the remaining 10 -11% are found mainly in sandstones and conglomerates.
Fluorine, chemical formula , is the most important mineral in nature. Fluorine is crystallized in the cubic system. This material is semi-transparent and has a glass polish. The specific gravity of this mineral is 3.18 and its hardness is 4. This mineral is seen in yellow, green, pink, blue, purple, colorless and sometimes black.
Calcium carbonate, or , makes up more than 4% of the Earth's crust and is found worldwide. Calcium carbonate is one of the most widely used materials known to mankind. This substance can be produced artificially and of course is also present in the eggshells and membranes of animals such as snails and crabs. Pearls are also made of calcium carbonate.